街名的起源   
     1898年6月,中东铁路在哈
   尔滨破土动工。同年秋季,山东、河
   北和朝鲜数千名筑路劳工落脚在今天的
   中央大街一带。他们垒泥为墙,束草
   为棚,于是这条街就有了她最初最形
   象的名字——中国大街。从1900
   年的中国大街照片上可以看出街路两
边的泥棚和草屋,中国大街,她的意思就是中国劳工居住的大街。
  1903年中东铁路全线通车之前,哈尔滨的所需货物基本都
是经松花江水路运来的。中国大街的通江口(今防洪纪念塔江段)
就是当年的码头。这样中国大街就成了黄金水道的口岸,也成为哈
尔滨当时最热闹繁华之地。从1903年的一张历史照片上可以看
出,中国大街迎风而立的电线杆、华丽的马车、匆忙的行人和错落
有致的房屋。对于一个只有几万人口的哈尔滨来说中国大街已初具
规模。
  1904—1905年间的日俄战争,使哈尔滨成为俄军的后
方基地。庞大的军用品需求,带动了哈尔滨的初步繁荣,带动了中
国大街的经济和建筑的发展。俄国统治哈尔滨的二十年间,不论是
建筑风格还是经济格局,中国大街都是受欧洲西方影响最深的街路。
1925年,中国政府收回了哈尔滨的市政政权,将中国大街改称
中央大街。岁月悠悠,世事沉浮。在1968年的“文革”岁月中,
中央大街被改称“反修大街”,1976年又恢复为中央大街至今。
这条历经时代风雨的老街,如同历史的见证人,目睹着哈尔滨百年
沦桑和荣辱兴衰。今天老街旧貌换新颜,又成为展示哈尔滨现代文
明的窗口。



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